Sade: queer theorist
Author: William F. Edmiston
Publication Date: 2013
In an era when both Church and State assigned gender roles and defined sexual practices in terms of male/female, lawful/illicit, Sade’s extensive accounts of sexual activity were categorized as deviant, prurient or provocative. William F. Edmiston explores how Sade’s unique challenge to sexual, moral and social taboos anticipates the discourses of queer theory.
Following an overview of queer theory, Edmiston examines the categories of sex, gender and sexuality as treated in some of Sade’s best- and lesser-known works. He demonstrates the extent to which Sade erodes the boundaries of sexual opposition through discourses justifying rather than illegitimizing ‘unlawful’ sex. The author reveals the coexistence of two competing discourses on sexuality: a proclivity that cannot be eradicated, and a habit that one can choose to adopt. This pioneering re-reading culminates with an examination of how recent biographies attempt to force Sade into a normal/abnormal dichotomy, manipulating police reports, personal correspondence or narratorial interventions to establish (or not) the author’s homosexuality.
Through revealing Sade’s attempts to undermine prevailing gender roles and sexual identities, Edmiston uncovers a ‘queer’ discourse that challenges the still common assumption that heterosexuality is exclusively natural and normative, and that nature has always prompted humans to reproduce, rather than to seek pleasure.
Sade, a queer theorist?
What is queer theory?
‘Sodomie’ and ‘antiphysique’ in the writings of Sade
Corpus and other details
1. Sade’s erotic novels: can we read them as queer?
Sex (anatomy): female/male
Gender (behavior): masculine/feminine
Sexuality: (object-choice of sexual pleasure) homosexual/heterosexual
2. Nature, sodomy, semantics and queer discourse
Sodomy: queer discourse
Practice or proclivity?
3. Atrocities of a quite different kind: non-normative eroticism in Aline et Valcour
Incest in the frame narrative
Homosexuality and incest in the embedded narratives
4. Queering the Marquis
New Perspectives on the eighteenth century
Edmiston’s articulate argument [leaves] the reader […] not so much with the perception or label of Sade as an ‘eighteenth-century queer theorist’ (p.228-29), but rather with the impression of the man’s brilliance and audacity as a depicter of the complex nature of human sexuality
The modern language review
It responds to the double exigency of a history shaped by present concerns, and does so in a conscientious, scholarly manner.
‘C’est une analyse détaillée et profonde de l’influence mutuelle entre le contexte général des Lumières et la philosophie de Sade […] L’analyse d’Edminston, bien documentée, est absolument en ligne avec les tendances générales de la recherche queer’.
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